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A Subject Type is optional. If used, preferably specify a type using the Subject Type vocabulary below. Values for Subject Type may also be taken from the Library of Congress Source Codes for Subjects list.

ANZSRC codes are the preferred vocabulary for describing research domain entities and activities in the RDA Registry.  The RDA Registry accepts values from both the 2020 release of ANZSRC and the superceded 2008 release.

anzsrc-forAustralian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification: Field of Research codes
anzsrc-toaAustralian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification: Type of Activity
anzsrc-seoAustralian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification: Socio-economic Objective codes
aptAustralian Pictorial Thesaurus (not currently maintained)
gcmdGlobal Change Master Directory Keywords. Commonly used in the earth sciences.
iso639International Standard for language codes
lcshLibrary of Congress Subject Headings
pontPowerhouse Museum Object Name Thesaurus
scotSchools Online Thesaurus
psychitThesaurus of Psychological Index Terms
localA local subject keyword: may be controlled or uncontrolled


  • All Subject values are displayed and searchable and add to the findability of information in Research Data Australia.
  • Subject Types are displayed to provide the source authority for Subject values.
  • The following Subject Types when used, are available for filtering search results: anzsrc-for (all searches); and anzsrc-seo, gcmd, lcsh (Library of Congress Subject Headings), apt (Australian Pictorial Thesaurus), pmont (Powerhouse Museum Object Name Thesaurus), psychit (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms) (advanced search only)
  • The corresponding labels for the ANZSRC codes entered in Subject are displayed in Research Data Australia, e.g. anzsrc-for code '040310' displays as 'Sedimentology' in Research Data Australia. (Exception: The 2020 release of ANZSRC is being implemented in stages in Research Data Australia, and as such, codes introduced or updated with the 2020 release may not currently display with the correct label).
  • @termIdentifier does not currently display; this may change with future enhancements to Research Data Australia.


Code Block
titleANZSRC (2020)
<subject type="anzsrc-for" termIdentifier="" xml:lang="en">370509</subject> 
<subject type="anzsrc-seo" termIdentifier="" xml:lang="en">170601</subject>
<subject type="anzsrc-toa" xml:lang="en">Applied research</subject>
Code Block
titleANZSRC (2008)
<subject type="anzsrc-for" termIdentifier="" xml:lang="en">040310</subject> 
<subject type="anzsrc-seo" termIdentifier="" xml:lang="en">850201</subject>
<subject type="anzsrc-toa" xml:lang="en">Applied research</subject>


titleClick here to view...
DateChange history
April 2010Consultation draft
26 Oct 2010First web publication
21 Nov 2011Added termIdentifier information, effective from introduction of RIF-CS v1.3.0 from 7 December 2011; how to describe parties as subjects
26 Jun 2012Added information about use of subject types and term identifiers
20 Nov 2012Added link to information about the prototype vocabulary service
7 May 2014

Review carried out: minor edits, corrections and ordering of information. ORCID termIdentifier examples given.

18 Nov 2014Added information about the gcmd subject type which was added with RIF-CS v1.6.0
18 July 2017Content reviewed and updated.
10 Dec 2018Updating coding for LCSH example
22 Jun 2021Updated references to ANZSRC to point to the 2020 release. Added an XML encoding example.